Birds of North Carolina:
their Distribution and Abundance
The 100 most recent account entries/updates.
Anna's HummingbirdCalypte annaThis would seem to be one of the more unlikely birds on the state list, but Anna's Hummingbirds, lik...NonbreederDefinitiveSAG5Two records (see above).One record (see above).No records.1/2 *2018-04-05
Barn OwlTyto albaThe Barn Owl is a completely nocturnal feeder; thus, its presence in a given area can be difficult t...BreederDefinitiveSCS2S3B,S3NG5Permanent resident, with migratory movements; noticeably declining (since around 1970). Along the c...Permanent resident, probably with migratory movements; undoubtedly declining. Rare to locally uncom...Permanent resident, likely with migratory movements. Rare in valleys in the southern counties (belo...Barn Owls must be searched for intentionally. You are not likely to stumble upon them in general bi...* to **2018-03-21
Painted BuntingPasserina cirisThe adult male Painted Bunting is certainly the gaudiest-colored of North American songbirds. Thank...BreederDefinitiveSCFSCS3BG5Summer resident along the southern coast, and sparse winter resident/visitor along the coast, even t...Very rare (but increasing) visitor, scattered over the year. About 17 records, all of single birds....Accidental visitor. The only known record is one at a feeder in Asheville, 9-12 Mar 2004.Should be easily found along the southern coast in late Apr, May, and Jun, at places such as Fort Ma...*** to ****2018-02-21
Kirtland's WarblerSetophaga kirtlandiiConsidering that North Carolina is about halfway between the species' wintering grounds in the Baham...NonbreederDefinitiveEESZG3G4No accepted records. It is quite a surprise that, as of 2017, there are still no documented records...Casual fall transient in the western portion of the province, but no accepted records yet for the ea...Casual to very rare transient, with five records (but only one of them in spring). A first-year fem...1/2 *2018-02-21
Clay-colored SparrowSpizella pallidaThe Clay-colored Sparrow was a primarily "Western"/Midwestern" species until a few decades ago. How...NonbreederDefinitiveSZG5Transient, and sparse winter resident, mainly near the coast. In fall, rare to uncommon along the c...Transient, essentially in fall and winter. Casual to very rare in fall and winter (about 11 records...Transient. Very rare in fall, winter, and spring, nearly all records in low elevations in the south...Your best bet is probably Fort Fisher in Sep and Oct. A few have been seen semi-regularly in winter...**2018-02-21
American PipitAnthus rubescensThe American Pipit, named the Water Pipit until a few decades ago, nests in the coldest and most bar...NonbreederDefinitiveS4NG5Winter resident. Along the coast (at least the immediate mainland), mostly fairly common, though ca...Winter resident and transient. Fairly common to common across most of the region, in spring and fal...Transient, and very sparse winter visitor/resident. Generally uncommon (to occasionally fairly comm...You should be able to find pipits in large plowed fields in the Coastal Plain in winter, more likely...***2018-02-21
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolorThe Tree Swallow is by far the most cold-hardy swallow in North America, being the only one to winte...BreederDefinitiveS3B,S4NG5Breeder and winter resident, with noticeable migratory movements; scarce but increasing as a breeder...Transient, and sparse breeder, slightly increasing as a breeder. In summer, very rare to locally un...Summer resident, with migratory movements; increasing as a breeder. Uncommon to fairly common breed...The species is most easily seen at large lakes toward the coast in the cooler months. Though never a...****2018-02-21
Bell's VireoVireo belliiThough the Bell's Vireo nests as far east as Illinois, there are surprisingly few records for the so...NonbreederDefinitiveSZG5Casual along and near the coast in fall and early winter. One was briefly seen and photographed at ...Accidental. There is a sight record at Zebulon (Wake) on 10 August 1974 (Chat 39:92-93). Al...Accidental. One was seen and photographed on the Warren Wilson College grounds (Buncombe) fr...1/2 *2018-02-21
Scissor-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus forficatusThe beautiful Scissor-tailed Flycatcher nests in the south-central United States, primarily in Texas...BreederDefinitiveWSAB,SZG5Transient/vagrant, both in late spring/summer and again in fall; accidental breeder. Very rare to r...Transient/vagrant, and sporadic breeder at two known sites. Very rare in migration, with more recor...Accidental. One was photographed in Swannanoa (Buncombe) on 10 May 1984 (Chat 48:100). Your best bet is to drive to a known nesting site. If none are available for an easy "tick", you ar...*2018-02-21
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannusThe Eastern Kingbird is another flycatcher that nests in essentially every county in the state -- an...BreederDefinitiveS5BG5Summer resident and transient. Formerly common throughout as a breeder; now, common over much of the...Summer resident and transient. Formerly common over much of the province, but now fairly common ove...Summer resident and transient. Formerly fairly common at lower elevations (below 2,500 feet), and u...The species is generally easy to find in mid- or late May into early summer by driving back roads th...****2018-02-21
Ash-throated FlycatcherMyiarchus cinerascensThe Ash-throated Flycatcher is another Western species, breeding from southern Washington to Texas. ...NonbreederDefinitiveSZG5Late autumn migrant/stray, with birds attempting to overwinter (though none apparently have been com...Casual stray. Two sight reports are from the Raleigh area: one on 16 May 1973 (Chat 39:40-43), (Cha...Accidental. One videotaped in Henderson on 28 Oct 1999 is the only record for the mountains....There have now been multiple records at Alligator River NWR, near Pungo Lake, and along the NC 94 ca...*2018-02-21
Say's PhoebeSayornis sayaThe Say's Phoebe breeds over much of the Western United States and Western Canada, but it withdraws ...NonbreederDefinitiveSZG5Very rare fall migrant/stray, occasionally lingering into the winter; 11 records. One was seen near ...Accidental; two records. One was seen near Raleigh on 23 Oct 1965 (Chat 30:28), (Chat 54:56). Anoth...No records.1/2 *2018-02-21
Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax trailliiIn 1973, the American Ornithologists' Union split Traill's Flycatcher into two "song type" species -...BreederDefinitiveWS3BG5Transient. Poorly known because of difficulty of identification. Very rare to rare (probably) alon...Transient, and sparse summer resident. Rare and local breeder in scattered sites in the western half...Summer resident. Uncommon, to very locally fairly common, at lower elevations throughout the region...Good places to look for the species are to drive along roads that parallel the New River, or the Sou...***2018-02-21
Alder FlycatcherEmpidonax alnorumPrior to 1973, Alder and Willow flycatchers were considered as a single species -- Traill's Flycatch...BreederDefinitiveSRS2BG5Transient. Status very poorly known, but apparently casual to (at best) very rare. There are only ...Transient; apparently very rare. Very poorly known, though possible regular in both spring and fall...Summer resident; breeding, mainly above 3,500 feet elevation. Generally uncommon and local, with th...Some of the better sites for finding the species are the road to the Shining Rock Wilderness and Bla...***2018-02-21
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusThe Short-eared Owl is the owl species most likely to be seen flying about in daylight hours, as a f...Accidental BreederDefinitiveWSUB,S3NG5Winter resident, and probable accidental/casual breeder. In winter, uncommon (to sporadically and l...Winter visitor. Very rare to rare, mainly from early Nov to late Mar; a preponderance of records we...Winter visitor. Very rare in the southern mountains, with eight records, six from Hooper Lane in A good technique for locating likely spots for Short-eareds is to find marshes or grasslands th...**2018-02-21
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacusArguably one of the most spectacular birds in North America, the Snowy Owl is, unfortunately, seldom...NonbreederDefinitiveSZG5Winter visitor. Until the late fall and winter 2013-2014, casual to very rare along the immediate co...Winter visitor; formerly (prior to about 1953) very rare. No records between that year and early wi...Winter visitor; accidental. Multiple reports from north of Weaverville, Buncombe, in 1891; an...Because it is too rare to search for in NC, you will need to keep abreast of listserves. Needless t...1/2*2018-02-21
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopusNorth Carolina lies at and just south of the regular wintering range of the Rough-legged Hawk, meani...NonbreederDefinitiveSZG5Winter visitor. Rare in the Tidewater area, mainly at Alligator River NWR; very rare to rare along ...Winter visitor, with at least 30 reports. Very rare, with a concentration of records in the Raleigh...Winter visitor, with at least 17 reports. Very rare in the extreme northern counties (such as Al...Since about 2000, one to occasionally two birds have been seen at the extensive farm fields at Allig...* to **2018-02-20
Mississippi KiteIctinia mississippiensisMississippi Kites are a major success story in North Carolina and elsewhere in their breeding range,...BreederDefinitiveS3BG5Summer resident, breeding. Occurs primarily close to brownwater rivers, and most numerous along the...Increasing stray or overshooting migrant, as well as a post-breeding visitor; breeds at a few local ...Very rare to (now) rare migrant/visitor in the southern mountains (about 22 records). Casual north o...Visiting the Lock and Dam #1 area or the NC 11 bridge over the Cape Fear River has been consistently...***2018-02-20
Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusArguably the most spectacular bird of prey in the world, especially when seen in flight, the Swallow...BreederDefinitiveSRS1BG5Annual visitor, mainly in spring along and near the coast, and breeder at one area; records increasi...Very rare to occasionally rare, but increasing, visitor in the warmer months; about 34 records, from...Very rare visitor in the warmer months; about 12 records, with five coming in fall 2016. Mid-May to...Birders can usually spot one to several birds, along with some Mississippi Kites, either close to th...**2018-02-20
Turkey VultureCathartes auraThe Turkey Vulture is our most frequently seen "raptor" -- there is some question whether New World ...BreederDefinitiveS5B,S5NG5Permanent resident, though partially migratory. Common to very common (for a raptor) over nearly al...Permanent resident, though partially migratory. Common to at least locally very common (for a rapto...Permanent resident, but with noticeable migratory movements. Common in lower elevations all year, b...Except along the immediate coast, it is easily seen in the state, except on rainy or overly cloudy d...****2018-02-20
Roseate SpoonbillPlatalea ajajaHardly any bird is more easily identified than the Roseate Spoonbill. This tropical breeder nests no...NonbreederDefinitiveSZG5Post-breeding visitor and stray, mostly to the coast. Very rare to (now) rare along the southern co...Formerly accidental to casual, but now very rare, post-breeding visitor, with seven known records. ...No records.This species is too rare to be searched for in the state. Typically, a bird is seen in shallow tida...*2018-02-20
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusThe history of the Glossy Ibis is somewhat the reverse of that of the White Ibis. Though it also is...BreederDefinitiveSCS1S2BG5Breeding summer resident along the coast, but sparse in winter; post-breeding visitor or migrant inl...Migrant and post-breeding visitor. Rare in the eastern portion (mainly in the Jordan and Falls lake...Casual visitor; with only four known reports. One seen at Altamont (Avery) on 12 Apr 1998; on...This species has been somewhat more difficult to find along the coast in the spring to fall seasons ...***2018-02-20
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carboThe Great Cormorant is still another species that has greatly increased in the East over the past se...NonbreederDefinitiveS2NG5Winter resident and visitor along the coast. Uncommon and local, mainly around inlets; generally fro...Very rare migrant and winter visitor. About 10 records, all at reservoirs in the eastern half of th...No records.The species is reliably seen at just a few places along the NC coast. Your best bet is in the lower...***2018-02-20
Brown BoobySula leucogasterThe Brown Booby is a rarer bird off our coast than is the Masked Booby, even though both species bre...NonbreederDefinitiveSZG5Nonbreeding visitor, mainly offshore in the Gulf Stream, but there are quite a few records from shor...Accidental, with two records. An adult female was seen and photographed on many dates at Lookout Sh...No records.As with other rare pelagic species, you will have to take dozens of trips out of Oregon Inlet or Hat...*2018-02-20
Wood StorkMycteria americanaThe Wood Stork is probably the most significant wader in the state, because it is a Federally listed...BreederDefinitiveTTS1B,S1NG4Summer resident and post-breeding visitor, increasing. Locally common only at its primary breeding ...Post-breeding visitor, increasing. Very rare to now locally rare, mainly from Jun to Sep, but scatt...Post-breeding visitor; casual to (now) very rare in the southern and central mountains (only), with ...The species can almost always be found around the margins of the two freshwater ponds at Twin Lakes,...****2018-02-20
Trindade PetrelPterodroma arminjonianaThis species has a checkered taxonomic history, in part because what is considered as the "Herald Pe...NonbreederDefinitiveSZG4Offshore visitor. Rare but regular in the warmer months, seen a handful of times annually, with ove...No records.No records.You need to take a birding pelagic trip off Hatteras or Oregon inlets. Late May into early Septembe...* to **2018-02-20
Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialisNorthern Fulmars are among the most charismatic of our seabirds, as they seem to enjoy flying in ver...NonbreederDefinitiveS1NG5Winter visitor and transient offshore; somewhat declining. Uncommon (to occasionally fairly common)...No records.No records.Your best bet to see a fulmar is to take a winter pelagic trip, but even then it is an iffy proposit...**2018-02-20
Common TernSterna hirundoUntil about 20 years ago, the common name of this species (Common Tern) was quite appropriate in Nor...BreederDefinitiveES2BG5Summer resident (breeding) and transient along the coast, and transient inland. Fairly common to co...Transient. Rare in spring, and rare to uncommon in fall, at larger lakes and reservoirs; highest co...Transient. Casual in spring, and very rare in fall, at lakes in the southern mountains; about nine ...It is still rather easily found from May into the fall along the coast, at least along the Outer Ban...****2018-02-20
Black TernChlidonias nigerThis is one of the few tern species in the state that is just a migrant, without a breeding or winte...NonbreederDefinitiveSZG4G5Transient, though small numbers can be seen coastally during summer. Along the coast -- formerly fa...Transient. Very rare in spring and uncommon in fall, mainly at lakes/reservoirs; casual to very rar...Transient. Accidental/casual in spring, with the only records being one along the New River at Pine...Formerly, swarms of Black Terns could be seen by the dozens hawking insects over the marshes and imp...***2018-02-20
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaThe Caspian Tern is the largest tern in the world, and it is also one of the most wide-ranging, as i...BreederDefinitiveTS1B,S2NG5Permanent resident (and sparse breeder), with migratory movements, along the coast; transient inland...Transient. Uncommon though regular in both spring and fall at larger lakes/reservoirs, but very rar...Transient. Rare, in the southern mountains only (Buncombe, Haywood, Henderson, and Transyl...Caspian Terns can usually be found along most coastal areas in late summer and fall, especially arou...***2018-02-20
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatusThe Sooty Tern is sometimes considered to be the most abundant bird in the world, it being found com...Accidental BreederDefinitiveWSHB,S3NG5Mainly a pelagic visitor in the warmer seasons, but a sporadic breeder (at least formerly). Mostly ...Storm-carried visitor to the eastern portion of the province, plus one record for the southern porti...Accidental/casual storm-carried visitor. Both records (of different birds?) came after the passage ...Offshore, this species is normally less numerous than the Bridled Tern. The best times to look for ...**2018-02-20
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinusFew native species are less popular than the Great Black-backed Gull, the largest of the world's gul...BreederDefinitiveS3B,S5NG5Permanent resident, with migratory movements. Fairly common and slowly increasing coastal breeder fr...Winter visitor. Rare but increasing in the Triangle area (mainly Falls and Jordan lakes and local l...No records.None needed.****2018-02-20
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutusLike the Black-headed Gull, the Little Gull is essentially an Old World species, though in the past ...NonbreederDefinitiveSZG5Winter visitor, essentially only along the coast and in near offshore waters. From Hatteras Inlet n...Casual winter visitor. Five records of single birds at Jordan Lake: an immature seen from 5-26 Mar ...No records.This species is reliably found among the large flocks of Bonaparte's Gulls along the northern half o...**2018-02-20
Sabine's GullXema sabiniThe Sabine's Gull is arguably the most beautiful gull in North America, and because it nests in the ...NonbreederDefinitiveSZG5Transient; essentially offshore, with a scattering of onshore records. Generally very rare in both ...Transient, in fall migration only. Casual, with eight records, all but two of single individuals: a...Accidental; two records. One at Lake Junaluska (Haywood) on 8 Sep 2004 (after Tropical Storm ...The species is much too rare onshore to be hoped for, but taking a pelagic trip in late May or the l...*2018-02-20
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaOf the remarkable 19 species of gulls on the North Carolina list (though two are only Provisional), ...NonbreederDefinitiveS1NG5Winter resident offshore; strongly declining. From the late 1990's to about 2005, generally fairly ...Accidental: an immature was seen and photographed at Beaverdam Reservoir (Wake) on 29 Nov 201...Accidental: an immature was seen and photographed at Lake Julian (Buncombe) on the remarkably...If you take a pelagic trip from Cape Hatteras northward during the winter, you now have about a 50% ...**2018-02-20
DovekieAlle alleThe Dovekie is, by far, the smallest of the six species of Atlantic alcids. It is one of three -- a...NonbreederDefinitiveSZG5Mostly an offshore winter visitor, quite erratic from winter to winter. There were several notable ...Accidental. One record, during the memorable late 1950 flight, is from Raleigh on 7 or 8 Dec (1950) ...No records.To try to see the species in NC, you should sign up for a pelagic trip, preferably in Feb, to the co...**2018-02-20
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusThough the Parasitic Jaeger is probably more numerous globally than the Pomarine Jaeger, in our wate...NonbreederDefinitiveS1NG5Transient, and poorly-known winter visitor, to the offshore zone and the inshore ocean. Uncommon in...Visitor to lakes and reservoirs, mostly storm-related. Casual, with four records: 1 at Jordan Lake ...No records.This species can be seen from shore almost anywhere along the coast, though Cape Lookout and Cape Ha...**2018-02-20
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusThe Red-necked Phalarope and the Red Phalarope are the two pelagic shorebirds, and to see both in th...NonbreederDefinitiveSZG4G5Transient, primarily offshore. Generally a fairly common offshore migrant in both spring and fall, ...Transient. Casual/very rare in spring migration, and very rare in fall, usually seen only during an...Transient. Accidental/casual in spring; the only records are one in Linville (Avery) on 17-1...Take a pelagic trip out of Hatteras or Oregon inlets -- either in the latter part of May, or in the ...**2018-02-20
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseusAmong the most difficult identification problem facing birders is the separation of the two dowitche...NonbreederDefinitiveS4NG5Transient and winter resident, mainly along the coast. Common to abundant spring and fall migrant a...Transient. Casual to very rare in spring, and rare to often uncommon (though local) in fall. Mainl...Transient, mainly in Henderson and Transylvania. Very rare in spring and in fall, at ...This species is hard to miss along the coast during the migrations.****2018-02-20
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriThe third of three common "peeps" in the state, the Western Sandpiper is easily confused with the Se...Nonbreeder DefinitiveS4NG5Transient, and winter resident along the coast. Common to abundant on the coast in fall; in winter,...Transient. Very rare to rare in spring, and uncommon in fall, at least locally (such as at Falls an...Transient. Very rare in both spring and fall, essentially all records in valleys in the Henderso...The species is easily found along the coast from Jul to late fall.****2018-02-20
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisThis and the Baird's Sandpiper are the two large "peep" species found in the state. Neither is comm...NonbreederDefinitiveSZG5Transient. Uncommon to locally fairly common in spring along the northern coast, particularly at Bo...Transient. Rare to uncommon (at least locally) in spring and fall; mainly early May to early Jun, a...Transient, essentially only in low elevations in the southern counties. In spring, very rare to loc...This can be a difficult to find species away from the Bodie-Pea Island or Cape Hatteras area. You sh...** to ***2018-02-20
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiThe Baird's Sandpiper is the rarest of the five non-accidental "peep" species in North Carolina, and...NonbreederDefinitiveSZG5Transient. Casual in spring, and rare to locally uncommon in fall, mainly along the coast. Three s...Transient. Rare in fall, mainly at the larger reservoirs (when mudflats are present); no spring rec...Transient, though essentially only in low elevation valleys in Henderson, and single records ...In mid-autumn, the impoundments at Pea and Bodie islands, and the tidal pool at Cape Hatteras point,...* to **2018-02-20
DunlinCalidris alpinaThough a Calidris species like most other small sandpipers, the Dunlin is often not considere...NonbreederDefinitiveS5NG5Transient, and winter resident along and near the coast. Coastally, very common to abundant migrant ...Transient, lingering into early winter in the eastern portions. Rare spring migrant, and rare to un...Transient. Very rare spring and very rare to rare fall migrant, at low elevations, with all publish...Dunlins can hardly be missed on a birding trip to the coast in late fall or winter. ****2018-02-20
SanderlingCalidris albaThe Sanderling is one of the most familiar shorebirds to birders and the layman alike, as it scamper...NonbreederDefinitiveS5NG5Transient and winter resident, essentially along the coast. Common to abundant and widespread along...Transient. Very rare in spring, and rare to locally uncommon in fall, with many more records in "dr...Transient. Accidental in spring: one at Hooper Lane (Henderson) on 1 May 1999; very rare to r...Easily found on ocean beaches over most of the year.****2018-02-20
RuffCalidris pugnaxThis Old World breeder makes annual visits to the eastern shore of North America, and its appearance...NonbreederDefinitiveSZG5Transient/visitor during the warmer months, essentially along the coast. There are at least 42 repo...Accidental in spring, and casual in fall (four reports), with all five reports from the eastern Pied...No records.The species is simply too rare in the state to hope to find on your own. Check impoundments and sew...1/2 * to *2018-02-20
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemasticaThe Hudsonian Godwit has an unusual migration pattern. It migrates from its central and southern So...NonbreederDefinitiveSZG4Transient. Casual in spring, at Bodie/Pea Islands only; uncommon in fall at Bodie/Pea Islands; rare...Casual fall transient (only in the eastern portion), with four records: 1, Falls Lake, 21-23 Aug 199...Accidental fall transient; two records -- 3 at Hooper Lane (Henderson), 8 Sep 2004* (after Tr...Look for them in Sep and Oct, especially after periods of strong NE winds. North Pond at Pea Island...**2018-02-20
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaThis Eurasian shorebird has appeared along the East Coast much more often than the Black-tailed Godw...NonbreederDefinitiveSZG4Casual to very rare visitor, with three spring and seven fall reports, all from the coast. The spri...No records.No records.1/2 *2018-02-19
Piping PloverCharadrius melodusThe Piping Plover is one of the few Federally listed birds in North Carolina, especially now that th...BreederDefinitiveS1B,S1NG3Breeding permanent resident, with migratory movements, along the coast. Generally uncommon and decl...Transient. Very rare in fall; late July to early Oct; no spring records. About 13 records, mostly f...Accidental to casual, with just two records: one at Hooper Lane, Henderson on 4-5 Sep 2012* (...The best area to see this species is at Portsmouth Island in late summer and fall, but a boat is nec...**2018-02-19
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatusThe Semipalmated Plover is the only one of the five Charadrius plovers in the state that bree...NonbreederDefinitiveS4NG5Transient and winter resident. Common to briefly and locally abundant in spring and fall along the ...Transient. Rare to very uncommon in spring, and uncommon to occasionally fairly common, in fall; ma...Transient. Rare to very uncommon in the Henderson/Transylvania area; casual to very rare els...The species is hard to miss near the coast in Aug and Sep.****2018-02-19
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominicaUnlike its slightly larger cousin, the Black-bellied Plover, the American Golden-Plover is a good fi...NonbreederDefinitiveSZG5Transient. Very rare in spring, rare in fall, along the entire coast, particularly the Outer Banks; ...Transient. Casual in spring (only about four records), rare but annual in fall, over most of the pr...Transient, but nearly all records are from Hooper Lane/Mills River area in Henderson, where v...The species is best located in Sep and Oct, especially after cold fronts. A few birds are present e...* to **2018-02-19
Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarolaThe Black-bellied Plover is one of the more familiar shorebirds of coastal areas, wintering in good ...Nonbreeder DefinitiveS5NG5Transient, and coastal winter resident. Common to very common in migration, and common in winter, a...Transient. Rare in fall, and very rare to rare in spring, in the eastern part of the province (such...Transient. Very rare (about 22 records) in the Henderson/Transylvania area of the southern m...This species is easily found along the coast except during Jun. Inland birds are most often found o...****2018-02-19
American AvocetRecurvirostra americanaOver most of the world, various species of stilts (genus Himantopus) and avocets (genus Re...Accidental BreederDefinitiveS1NG5Winter resident and migrant, coastally; accidental breeder, along the coast. Fairly common to commo...Transient. Very rare fall migrant, and accidental/casual spring migrant, with most records from lar...Transient. Casual fall migrant, with six known records: 1, Cashiers (Jackson), 3 Jul 1985; 1...The only reliable spots are the impoundments at Pea Island NWR and adjacent Bodie Island. At least ...***2018-02-19
Clapper RailRallus crepitansThe Clapper Rail is, by far, the easiest rail to see in the state and is the most characteristic bir...BreederDefinitiveS4G5Permanent resident along the coast (tidal marshes); casual migrant elsewhere. Common to very common...Casual to very rare transient in the eastern half of the province, but no records yet for the wester...No records.The species is easily heard calling at dawn or dusk, and sporadically during the day and night, in m...**** 2018-02-19
Broad-billed HummingbirdCynanthus latirostrisA number of hummingbird species breed essentially or primarily in the United States only in Arizona....NonbreederDefinitiveSAG5Casual summer and fall/visitor. A male was seen in the Fairfield Harbour area east of New Bern (...No records.No records.1/2 *2018-02-19
Calliope HummingbirdSelasphorus calliopeThe Calliope Hummingbird was not detected in the state until 1995, when an immature male was photogr...NonbreederDefinitiveSZG5Accidental. Three records, two from near the southern half of the coast: an immature male at New Be...Winter visitor, with about 16 records. Very rare at feeders in cities and towns in the western half...Accidental, in the southern mountains. Two records from Transylvania: at Deerlake from 26 Oct...There are now records almost every winter or two, so you may have a fair chance to see one in a give...1/2 * to *2018-02-19
Rufous HummingbirdSelasphorus rufusThe Rufous Hummingbird is the state's second-most numerous hummingbird, and though it breeds in the ...NonbreederDefinitiveSZG5Transient and winter visitor. Very rare along the coast and in the Tidewater zone, mainly at feeders...Transient and winter visitor. Very rare to rare (essentially only at feeders) across the province, ...Fall transient and winter visitor, but primary in the fall season. Very rare, and essentially only ...One has a reasonable chance to see one during the year, but only by visiting a feeder with a known b...* to **2018-02-19
Common MerganserMergus merganserThe Common Merganser winters regularly in the state only at one to a few inland lakes, as North Caro...BreederDefinitiveS1B,S1NG5Winter resident. Rare and local over the northern half of the province, with a flock averaging at l...Winter visitor, though possibly a winter resident at Roanoke Rapids Lake; casual breeder. Rare in m...Winter visitor, and casual to now (2017) very rare breeder. Generally very rare, with nearly all rec...To see this species, look at Lake Phelps in the winter, with a good scope. The wintering flock usua...** to ***2018-02-19
White-winged ScoterMelanitta fuscaBy far the least common of the scoters along the mid-Atlantic coast, the White-winged Scoter can be ...NonbreederDefinitiveS2NG5Winter visitor. Uncommon and erratic (depending on the severity of the weather) along the immediate...Transient and winter visitor. Rare (but the most frequent scoter in the province), mainly to larger...Transient. Very rare in the southern counties, and unknown as yet from north of Buncombe. S...This is a tough bird to find in the state, and many birders often require two or three winters to fi...**2018-02-19
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisThis species was long known as the Oldsquaw, but its name was changed in recent years to conform to ...Nonbreeder DefinitiveS3NG5Winter resident. Common in a fairly small area of northwestern Pamlico Sound near Swan Quarter; els...Transient and winter visitor. Rare, mainly at large reservoirs in the eastern part of the province,...Winter visitor. Casual to very rare, with only five known records, all but the last of single indiv...To see Long-tailed Ducks in NC, you should take the Swan Quarter to Ocracoke ferry. The species is ...***2018-02-19
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillataThe Surf Scoter is the most common of the wintering scoters in North Carolina, though it is often ou...NonbreederDefinitiveS4NG5Winter resident. Locally common near the northern half of the coast and the Tidewater areas, south ...Transient and winter visitor. Rare on reservoirs and other large bodies of water; mainly mid-Oct to...Transient. Very rare, with brief stop-over time; nearly all records from the southern mountains, wi...As with the Black Scoter, it is normally easy to find the species on the two Pamlico Sound ferries, ...*** to ****2018-02-19
King EiderSomateria spectabilisUntil the 1980's, the King Eider was a casual to very rare winter visitor to the state's coastal are...NonbreederDefinitiveSZG5Scarce winter visitor; declining. Very rare along the entire coast, though somewhat more likely fro...No records.No records.The finding tips for King Eider are identical to that of the Common Eider; look around jetties, or p...*2018-02-19
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsThe Greater White-fronted Goose is a very rare to rare winter visitor across all portions of the sta...NonbreederDefinitiveSZG5Winter visitor. Most frequent in areas where large numbers of geese and swans winter. Rare in the ...Winter visitor; very rare but somewhat increasing in recent years. Approximately 31 records, fallin...Winter visitor, slightly increasing in recent years. Very rare to rare in the southern mountains; n...There is a tendency for the species to appear with flocks of Canada Geese, both feeding in plowed fi...*2018-02-18
Ross's GooseAnser rossiiThe Ross's Goose is a somewhat regular winter visitor/resident, in very small numbers, amid large fl...NonbreederDefinitiveS1NG4Winter visitor/resident. Rare (to locally uncommon) but increasing winter visitor, and a winter res...Winter visitor. Formerly casual; now very rare to rare but greatly increasing, with about 36 records...Winter visitor. Very rare to now rare (2017), but greatly increasing, in the southern counties, wit...In the past few winters, the species has been seen, generally with Snow Geese, in fields near Pungo ...**2018-02-18
Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapaThe Golden-crowned Kinglet is one of the smallest passerines in the country, even slightly smaller t...BreederDefinitiveWS3S4B,S5NG5Winter resident. Common over nearly all of the region, though only fairly common near and along the...Winter resident. Common to very common across most of the region; one of the more numerous birds in...Permanent resident in much of the region; breeds in higher elevations, and winter resident elsewhere...None needed.****2018-02-02
Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus variusThe Yellow-bellied Sapsucker is the only true migratory woodpecker species in eastern North America....BreederDefinitiveSCS2S3B,S5NG5Winter resident. Fairly common to occasionally or locally common throughout; less common on barrier ...Winter resident. Fairly common essentially throughout. Mainly from late Sep to mid-Apr; dates rang...Breeder and winter resident, with strong migratory movements. Rare to uncommon and quite local as a...In the breeding season, check any of the areas listed above, for the mountains. From Oct through Mar...*** (winter)2018-02-02
American OystercatcherHaematopus palliatusThe American Oystercatcher is one of the more spectacular shorebirds and is one of the few that rema...BreederDefinitiveSCS2S3B,S3NG5Breeding permanent resident along the coast, with migratory movements; slightly declining. Generall...Casual or accidental vagrant, with only three records; 2, Roanoke Rapids Lake, 25 May 1998 (Chat 62:...No records.This species is fairly easily found on barrier islands, such as at inlets, tidal flats, and especial...*** to ****2018-02-02
Black RailLaterallus jamaicensisAs notoriously secretive as the Yellow Rail, this species at least can be coaxed into view on occasi...BreederDefinitiveSCFSCS2S3B,S2NG3G4Permanent resident, with migratory movements, near the coast; decreasing in recent years. Seemingly...Poorly known breeder (at least formerly) and transient. Casual to very rare breeder, at least forme...Formerly casual breeder at low elevations; now essentially unknown/accidental. Formerly nested near...To hear a Black Rail, visit the Cedar Island marsh causeway (NC 12), or the Wanchese marshes east of...**2018-02-02
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperiiThis Accipiter was apparently a reasonably numerous breeding species in the first half of the...BreederDefinitiveS3S4B,S4NG5Permanent resident, with migratory movements; increasing. Generally uncommon in migration and as a w...Permanent resident, with some migratory movements; increasing. Uncommon in fall, winter, and spring...Permanent resident, with some migratory movements; slightly increasing. Uncommon fall migrant, rare...You simply cannot search for this species; you must be afield frequently, and keep your eyes open to...**2018-02-02
Snowy EgretEgretta thulaThe elegant Snowy Egret has, sadly, shown an alarming decline in numbers along the East Coast since ...BreederDefinitiveSCS2S3B,S3NG5Permanent resident along the coast, being migratory and thus more numerous in spring, late summer, a...Transient, but primarily a post-breeding visitor. Rare to uncommon in the eastern portion (mainly a...Transient and post-breeding visitor. Very rare in the lower elevations (generally below 2,500 feet)...Though clearly declining, you should have little trouble finding the species along the immediate coa...****2018-02-02
Cassin's SparrowPeucaea cassiniiThe Cassin's Sparrow is a bird of the southern Great Plains, and though it is similar in appearance ...NonbreederDefinitiveSAG5Accidental. One singing male was present in northern Scotland from 20 Apr - 6 May 2011* (Cha...No records.No records.1/2 *2018-02-02
Whooping CraneGrus americanaThe Whooping Crane is one of the rarest birds in North America and has been listed as Endangered by ...NonbreederNot Established ListE*SAG1Accidental migrant/winter visitor, at least currently. Presumed to have wintered in parts of the reg...Accidental migrant. Two known records: the flock of 3 that left Jones early in the morning of...Accidental migrant. A flock of 8 birds was seen and photographed on the ground near the Little Tenne...The species is too rare -- with only a few recent records -- to offer finding tips.1/2 *2018-02-02
Pine SiskinSpinus pinusThe Pine Siskin is another "winter finch", but like the Red Crossbill, it also nests in the North Ca...BreederDefinitiveWSUB,S3NG5Winter visitor, erratic from season to season; declining. Currently, very rare to rare in some seas...Winter visitor, erratic from season to season; declining; apparently an accidental breeder. Current...Summer resident at higher elevations, and winter visitor elsewhere (but erratic and declining). In ...Your best bet is to bird the spruce-fir forests, such as Roan Mountain, Mount Mitchell, or in the De...**2018-02-02
Rusty BlackbirdEuphagus carolinusThe Rusty Blackbird is a bird of the Far North in the breeding season, nesting in stunted spruce and...NonbreederDefinitiveWS3NG4Winter resident. Formerly fairly common, at least locally, over most of the region, except generall...Winter resident, with noticeable migratory movements. Uncommon (to locally fairly common) in winter...Transient, and scarce winter visitor. At lower elevations, rare to uncommon transient, and rare in ...There are no "sure bets", in terms of wintering sites. Forests on the south side of Lake Mattamuske...**2018-02-02
Saltmarsh SparrowAmmodramus caudacutusThis species was split, along with Nelson's Sparrow, from the Sharp-tailed Sparrow in 1995. Whereas...Nonbreeder (but Possible Breeder)DefinitiveWSUB,S4NG4Winter resident; possible breeder, but no confirmation. In summer, 4 were seen at Pea Island NWR, f...No records.No records.The species is usually easy to find, especially at high tide, in marshes at Fort Fisher near the Aqu...****2018-02-02
Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarumThe Grasshopper Sparrow is another sparrow that breeds from the Atlantic to the Pacific, but it nest...BreederDefinitiveWS3B,S1NG5Summer resident in most of the region, and scarce winter resident; declining. In summer, uncommon ov...Summer resident, with a few winter stragglers; declining. In summer, rare to uncommon across the re...Summer resident; declining. Rare to locally uncommon (formerly uncommon but widespread) over the re...Still can be heard and seen reliably in a few places; the two large Voice of America fields in south...***2018-02-02
Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphiaThe Mourning Warbler, until 2011, was placed in the same genus (Oporornis) with the Connectic...Probable BreederDefinitiveWSUBG5Transient. Casual in spring, so far only along or near the coast; very rare in fall along the immed...Transient. In spring, casual to very rare throughout the region (mainly in the western half of the ...Transient; also very rare (in the past few years) in summer, and probable breeder, though as yet wit...This is a difficult bird to find in the state, because relatively few pass through, and then mainly ...*2018-02-02
Winter WrenTroglodytes hiemalisThe Winter Wren underwent a taxonomic change in 2010, when the American Ornithologists' Union split ...BreederDefinitiveWS3B,S5NG5Winter resident. Fairly common to common in the Tidewater zone and near the northern and central co...Winter resident. Fairly common over most of the region; less common toward the foothills, where it ...Summer resident in parts of the region, and winter resident region-wide. In summer, fairly common a...In summer, you should not have trouble hearing the species in most spruce-fir stands, though they ca...***2018-02-02
Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensisThe Red-breasted Nuthatch is the only one of the four nuthatches in North America that is strongly m...BreederDefinitiveWS3B,S4NG5Fall transient and winter visitor (little northbound movement noted); very erratic from year to year...Fall transient and winter visitor (little northbound movement noted); very erratic from year to year...Summer resident and winter visitor; very erratic outside the breeding season. In summer, fairly com...The birds are too erratic in fall, winter, and spring to offer tips; thus, look for them in summer. ...***2018-02-02
Common RavenCorvus coraxThe Common Raven is considered to be the largest passerine in the world. It also is the one occurri...BreederDefinitiveWS3G5Formerly (prior to 1932), accidental/casual visitor to the coast: 2, Beaufort (Carteret), 4 J...Present, but scarce, all year over much of the province, occasionally breeding; mainly since about 1...Permanent resident, with migratory movements rather imperceptible. Little distributional change ove...Though uncommon number-wise in the mountains, it can be heard calling at long distances, so not hard...***2018-02-02
Loggerhead ShrikeLanius ludovicianusThe Loggerhead Shrike was historically rare to absent as a breeding species in the East, but with th...BreederDefinitiveSCS3B,S3NG4Permanent resident, with migratory movements. Nests east to about Roanoke Rapids, Washington, and W...Permanent resident, with slightly noticeable migratory movements. Formerly (prior to about 1975) ne...Transient and winter visitor/resident, and likely former breeder. Now a very rare transient in the ...Your best bet is to drive secondary roads in Robeson or Scotland counties, where the s...***2018-02-02
Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimusThe Least Flycatcher, as its name implies, is the smallest species of flycatcher in the Eastern Unit...BreederDefinitiveWS3BG5Transient. Rare along and very close to the coast, but seemingly casual to very rare farther inland...Transient. Rare, in both spring and fall, across the region; most records are for the eastern part ...Summer resident. Very local, generally uncommon as a whole, but locally fairly common, and rare to ...Good areas during the nesting season include the Highlands Country Club (Macon), Black Camp G...***2018-02-02
Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiThe Olive-sided Flycatcher has a very wide breeding range, in the boreal forests from Alaska to Labr...Former Probable BreederDefinitiveWSZG4Transient. Very rare in fall, and casual/accidental in spring; only about 15 records. The only two...Transient. Rare in both spring and fall, across the region. Primarily from early May to late May, w...Transient and former summer resident, with current "breeding" status undetermined. Many scattered re...This bird is too rare to expect to see one. Your best bet is to drive roads in the mountains, especi...*2018-02-02
Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaThe Chimney Swift is one of the most "unique" species in eastern North America, as no other bird in ...BreederDefinitiveWS5BG4G5Breeding summer resident. Common throughout the province, except absent to uncommon on coastal isla...Breeding summer resident. Common throughout the province, though perhaps slightly less numerous in ...Breeding summer resident. Common in lower elevations (below 2,500 feet), and fairly common in the r...None needed; easily found in the warmer months.****2018-02-02
Eastern Whip-poor-willAntrostomus vociferusMore than 30 or 40 years ago, the Whip-poor-will was the most common or at least the most familiar g...BreederDefinitiveWS4BG5Breeding summer resident, and winter visitor (resident?) along the coast. Uncommon to fairly common...Breeding summer resident, declining. Formerly (prior to 1980), fairly common to common across the p...Breeding summer resident, declining. Formerly (prior to about 1980), fairly common at lower elevati...The tips are the same as for the Chuck-will's-widow. The roadside driving method is best, but findi...***2018-02-02
Chuck-will's-widowAntrostomus carolinensisThis strictly nocturnal species is a characteristic breeding bird of our drier forest edges and open...BreederDefinitiveWS5BG5Breeding summer resident, and occasional winter visitor. Generally common in the warmer months over...Breeding summer resident. Fairly common in the extreme eastern and southern portions of the provinc...Probable breeding summer resident in a few very low elevation areas, in the southern half of the mou...Hearing this species is seldom a problem. Simply, drive around a little bit after dusk, or before d...***2018-02-02
Common NighthawkChordeiles minorThe Common Nighthawk has undergone a considerable decline as a breeding species in the eastern Unite...BreederDefinitiveWS3BG5Breeder and migrant; declining. In the breeding season, variously uncommon to locally fairly common...Breeder and migrant; strongly declining. Formerly fairly common breeder, at least around larger tow...Scarce breeder, and migrant; declining. In the nesting season, apparently restricted to cities and ...You often must make some effort to see a nighthawk in the state. Normally, you will see them in ver...** to ***2018-02-02
Long-eared OwlAsio otusThe Long-eared Owl is one of the most elusive species to see in the state, even though it is undoubt...Nonbreeder (but Possible Breeder)DefinitiveWSUBG5Winter visitor. Very rare (at least very rarely reported) over the northern half of the region, inc...Winter visitor. Very rare; about 18 records, with eight of these from Wake and five from W...Winter visitor, and possible breeding summer resident. Casual in winter, with only about six reports...There is a need to do some nocturnal listening for them, and all owls, in our northern mountain regi...*2018-02-02
Forster's TernSterna forsteriThe Forster's Tern is the only tern that remains relatively common along the coast of North Carolina...BreederDefinitiveWS3B,S5NG5Permanent resident, with migratory movements; primarily coastal. Fairly common breeder around the p...Transient. Rare spring migrant and uncommon fall migrant at larger lakes and reservoirs, occasional...Transient, essentially only in the southern mountains. Rare (to occasionally uncommon) in spring, a...Forster's are the most commonly seen terns from late Oct through Mar along our coast, and except dur...****2018-02-02
Common GallinuleGallinula galeataThis species is a "cousin" of the Purple Gallinule, occurring in similar freshwater ponds, though th...BreederDefinitiveWS3B,S2NG5Permanent resident near the coast, but with strongly migratory movements; farther inland, very local...Scarce transient. Very rare to rare and easily overlooked transient (as birds tend to be secretive ...Scarce transient (about 7-8 records). Casual to very rare at low elevations in the southern mountai...Your best chances for seeing this species are along the southern coast, where more widespread than f...***2018-02-02
Virginia RailRallus limicolaOnly a few decades ago, relatively little was understood of the Virginia Rail's habitats and range i...BreederDefinitiveWS3B,S5NG5Permanent resident near the coast, with migratory movements; mostly a transient farther inland. Loca...Mostly a transient, but scattered summer and winter records, where status at these two seasons is un...Poorly known transient (about 18 reports), with the possibility of local breeding not out of the que...The descending grunting call is easily heard in migration and winter in tidewater marshes, especiall...***2018-02-02
King RailRallus elegansSlightly larger than the Clapper Rail, and the freshwater/inland counterpart of that species, the Ki...BreederDefinitiveWS3B,S3NG4Permanent resident near the coast, with migratory movements; status farther inland poorly understood...Poorly known, but transient and local summer resident (at least formerly, when there were scattered ...Accidental stray/migrant. Two records: one, downtown Asheville (grounded migrant), 25 Apr 2002; and...This species is somewhat local, and because freshwater marshes are spottily located in some areas of...**2018-02-02
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetosThis very large and powerful raptor -- the largest in the state -- has always had a mysterious prese...Former Probable BreederDefinitiveSRSXB,S1NG5Migrant and winter visitor. Rare in the vicinity of lakes Mattamuskeet and Pungo; very rare elsewhe...Scarce migrant; about 26 reports. Very rare, mainly in fall and early winter, across the province; ...Scarce winter resident, and also a scarce year-round visitor and migrant. Presently, a rare fall mi...Over the years there has been a record of Golden Eagle every few winters in the Lake Mattamuskeet --...*2018-02-02
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilisFor such a large hawk (being the state's largest Accipiter), the Northern Goshawk is remarkab...Nonbreeder (but Possible Breeder) DefinitiveWSUBG5Visitor in migration and winter; about 30 reports. Very rare, mainly in winter, to the northern coas...Visitor in migration and winter; only about 15 reports. Very rare to the northern half of the provin...Visitor in migration and winter; at least 20 reports. Very rare (though more numerous here than els...The species is much too rare to specifically search for, but people at hawk watches in the mountains...*2018-02-02
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalusThe national symbol needs no introduction to birders, and it has had a very cyclical history in Nort...BreederDefinitiveTS3B,S3NG5Year-round resident, with some migratory movements. Uncommon but increasing along most of the coast;...Year-round resident, with migratory movements. Rare to uncommon, but increasing, over the region, e...Nearly year-round visitor; known to be nesting only at a few large lakes in the southwestern countie...Bald Eagles are usually easily found along the causeway (NC 94) at Lake Mattamuskeet, or from the ro...***2018-02-02
White IbisEudocimus albusOne of the most common of our coastal wading birds, the White Ibis has increased dramatically in the...BreederDefinitiveWS3B,S3NG5Year-round breeding resident along the coast, with migratory movements. Common to locally very comm...Post-breeding visitor, essentially only in summer and fall. Rare to uncommon along the eastern edge...Post-breeding visitor. Rare at low elevations in the southern mountains; very rare in the central a...This species is difficult to miss along the coast, at mudflats, shallow waters of ponds and inlets, ...****2018-02-02
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxThe Black-crowned Night-Heron is our only truly nocturnal waterbird. Birds roost in thickets, usual...BreederDefinitiveWS3B,S3NG5Permanent resident coastally, and a transient inland. Along the coast, fairly common to locally com...Transient and post-breeding visitor. Rare and secretive, mostly in Apr and May, and again from late...Transient and post-breeding visitor. Rare, with 25-30 records, at low elevations in the southern co...This species is usually found along the coast at any season, but you might need to wait around tidal...***2018-02-02
AnhingaAnhinga anhingaThe Anhinga is still another of the Pelicaniform species that has increased noticeably in the state ...BreederDefinitiveWS3BG5Breeding summer resident, increasing. Nests at least locally, scattered over most of the province, e...Nonbreeding migrant/visitor; increasing. Casual breeder along the eastern edge of the region. Primar...Accidental to casual visitor. One was seen from a hawk watch at Mount Pisgah (Buncombe), 21 ...The spillway at Orton Pond is probably the best site in the state. Birds can also be seen at Orton ...***2018-02-02
Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podicepsThe Pied-billed Grebe is one of our more unusual waterbirds. Despite it being reasonably common in ...BreederDefinitiveWS3B,S5NG5Breeding summer resident and winter resident. As a breeder, rare to uncommon and quite local, along...Winter resident, and highly sporadic breeder. As a breeding species, casual to very rare, and unpred...Winter resident, and essentially accidental/casual breeder. An adult feeding a chick on 19 Jun 1992 ...This species is hard to miss on most medium-sized to large ponds and lakes, including coastal impoun...****2018-02-02
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatusAnother beautiful duck, the Hooded Merganser is also one of the few species of waterfowl that nests ...BreederDefinitiveWS1B,S4NG5Winter resident, and local breeding resident inland. Common in winter in most areas near the coast ...Winter resident, and local breeding resident. In winter, generally fairly common, being more numero...Winter resident or visitor, and summer resident in very small numbers. Generally uncommon, and most...The species can usually be found on most of the coastal impoundments in the winter, such as at Pea I...*** to ****2018-02-02
Blue-winged TealSpatula discorsUnlike nearly all other species of waterfowl in the East, the bulk of the population of Blue-winged ...Former BreederDefinitiveWSHB,S2NG5Common spring and fall migrant in the Tidewater section, including the coast; generally uncommon in ...Uncommon to often fairly common spring and fall migrant; mid-Mar to mid-May, and late Aug to mid-Oct...Uncommon spring and fall migrant, mainly at low elevations; early Apr to early May, and late Aug to ...This species is easily found at coastal impoundments and other freshwater bodies near the coast, in ...*** to ****2018-02-02